IRFI 東京工業大学国際先駆研究機構



【論文】WRH 高安美佐子教授とEduardo Viegas特任准教授、Shlomo Havlin特任教授の共著論文 “Spatial Constraints on Economic Interactions: A Complexity Approach to the Japanese Inter-Firm Trade Network”が掲載されました。


情報理工学院高安美佐子教授とEduardo Viegas特任准教授、Shlomo Havlin特任教授の論文が、Mathematics に掲載されました。

“Spatial Constraints on Economic Interactions: A Complexity Approach to the Japanese Inter-Firm Trade Network

The trade distance is an important constraining factor underpinning the emergence of social and economic interactions of complex systems. However, agent-based studies supported by the granular analysis of distances are limited. Here, we present a complexity method that places the actual geographical locations of individual firms in Japan at the epicentre of our research. By combining methods derived from network science together with information theory measures, and by using a comprehensive dataset of Japanese inter-firm business transactions, we evaluate the effects of spatial features on the structural patterns of the economy. We find that the normalised probability distributions of the distances between interacting firms obey a power law like decay concomitant with the sizes of firms and regions. Furthermore, small firms would reach large distances to become customers of large firms, while trading between either only small firms or only large firms tends to be at smaller distances. Furthermore, a time evolution analysis suggests a reduction in the overall average trading distances in last 20 years. Lastly, our analysis concerning the trading dynamics among prefectures indicates that the preference to trade with neighbouring prefectures tends to be more pronounced at rural regions as opposed to the larger central conurbations.
Keywords: complexity; information theory; network science
MSC: 91B02




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